Common Outdoor Hazards and Choosing a Collar for Cat
If you live on busy road and don’t have a yard, it is probably not safe to let your cat go outside. Even if you have a yard, there are still some potential hazards. Sharp garden tools and pesticides must be kept out of your cat’s reach. You should also check that you do not have any poisonous garden plants.
Choosing a Collar
A cat that is allowed outside should always wear a collar and name tag. An identity disk or barrel with your cat’s name and address should be worn on the collar at all times. Whichever type of collar you select, make sure it fits properly and that it has an elasticated safety section. Make sure that collar fits well. If it is too tight it may irritate the neck skin, if it is loose, the cat may learn how to slip it off.
Choice The Cat Door
Cat doors are available in varying degrees of sophictication. Some open inward and outward, others only inwards, so the cat can enter but not leave the house, and some have locking device, which is useful if you want to prevent your cat from going out at night. The most expensive are electromagnetic doors, which can only be opened by a magnet worn on the cat’s collar.
Lockable door : Prevent your cat from going out at night by installing a lockable door
Standard door : This basic door has no locking device to prevent stray cats from visiting you
Cat Door Training
When you are satisfied that your cat is ready to go outdoors on its own, you should mount a cat door. A cat door will give your cat the freedom to come and go as it pleases. It is important that you mount the door at the right height for the cat to step through: about 6 in (15 cm) from the floor. Most cats learn how to use the door quickly.
- If a first your cat does not want to approach the cat door, place your cat near the door and prop open the door.
- To encourage the cat through the door, tempt it with food placed the outside, or gently lift the cat through.
- It should not take long for your cat to learn to push the door open. If your cat has difficulty passing through the door, it could be that the door is too high off the floor.
Allowing a new Cat Outdoors
Most cats want to explore the outside environment as soon as possible, so, for the first few weeks, you will probably have to restrain your cat from rushing outside every time you open the door. Once your cat familiar with its new home, you can let it out under supervision.
- Keep your cat inside until you sure that outdoor conditions are suitable
- Supervise your cat’s first trip outside
- Do not let your cat out in a bad weather
- Whenever you let your cat out, make sure it wears a collar
- Do not let your cat outside until it has been vaccinated
Cat Tips : Common indoor hazards and An indoor lawn
Common indoor hazards
Curiosity really can kill the cat, so closing doors, windows, bozes, and lids is a necessary precaution to keep a cat from potential hazards such as open washing machines and garbage cans. Breakeable objects, poisonous plants, and food should be kept out of your cat’s reach. Don’t leave small objects where your cat can swallow them. They could choke or poison your pet.
An indoor lawn
Grass is a good source of fiber for your cat. It also acts as a useful emetic, which will help your cat to regurgitate unwanted matter such as hairballs. If you keep your pet permanently indoors, provide it with some greenery to chew. This could be grass, catnip, thyme, sage, or parsley.
Good Scratching and Keep an indoor Cat happy
Cats, unlike some dogs, can live indoors quite contentedly, especially if they have never known any other life. If you keep your cat inside, make sure it has plenty of toys for amusement and exercise. Alternatively, buy two kittens at the same time, so that they can play with each other.
Cats sleep up to 16 hours a day, so if you give your cat a comfortable bed, it is likely to stay out of mischief. If you don’t provide your kitten with toys, it will become bored and restless and may start to destroy your possessions.
To prevent your cat ruining your furniture by scratching it, provide it with a scratching post. When your cat starts scratching, place its paws on the post. If your cat is allowed outdoors, it will probably find a piece of bark on which to sharpen its claws. A post impregnated with catnip and hung with toys makes a good scratching post.
Introduction Cats to other Pets
When you introduce a new kitten to the other pets in your household, feed them separately for the first few weeks and supervise their meetings. The most difficult introduction is that of a kitten to an older cat, which may feel threatened
- Safe heaven : When you first bring your kitten home, make sure it has an area of its own where it can feel save. Let the kitten acclimatize.
- Cat meet dog : Take control of the first meetings by keeping the dog on a leash, or by placing the cat in a small play pen. Once dog and cat are used to each other, they can safely be left alone.
- Cat meets cat : Allow the cat to sniff the kitten and, if the cat should attack, separate them immediately. It may take as long month for them to settle down.
- Cat meets rabbit : Supervise a kitten in the company of rabbits or guinea pigs; if a kitten climbs over a small animal, even in play, it may harm it. Do not let a small animal out of its cage if an adult cat is around.
Train a cat : establish routines
You cannot train a cat in the same way that you can traind a dog but, by establishing routines, you will make life easier for yourself and more enjoyable for your cat. It is important for your cat to recognize its name; by calling it at feeding and bedtime, it will soon learn to respond.
- Grooming : Groom a longhair at the same time each day after feeding is a good time. Groom a shorthair once a week at a regular time.
- Feeding : Feed your cat regularly in the same place and at the same time every day.
- Playing : Playtime is essential to a cat’s development, especially if your cat is an indoor cat. Spend 10-15 minutes a day playing with your cat.
- Sleeping : Place the bed in a quite spot. At first your cat may try to sleep on your bed. If you don’t want to encourage this, place the cat in its own bed and keep it in its “bedroom” for the night.
Examine your kitten
Think twice before you choose that adorable, helpless-looking kitten. Since a cat’s lifespan can be 15 years, buying a healthy kitten may save you many years of veterinary fees.
- The rear should be clean. Lift the tail gently and check for any signs of diarrhea or discharge
- The kitten’s ears should be clean and dry. If there is any dark colored wax or if the kitten is scratching, it may have ear mites. Never poke anything into the delicate ear canal
- Bright eyes, free from discharge, are a sign of a healthy kitten. Check that the third eyelid isn’t showing.
- The nose should feel velvery and slightly moist, and the nostrils should be free of any discharge. Listen to the kitten’s breathing. If it is unsteady, the kitten may have a viral infection.
- Pry open the kitten’s mouth. A healthy cat will have pale pink, uninflamed gums, white teeth, and odor free breath.
- The abdomen should be rounded but not pot bellied. When picked up, the kitten should feel a little heavier than it looks.
- The coat should be smooth, soft, and glossy. Part the coat to check for evidence of parasites or flea dirt.
How to Lift and Hold a Cat
How to lift a cat
Approach a cat cautiously. Do not grab it; ideally, let it approach you. Begin your contact with gentle stroking. When the cat is used to your touch, pick it up.
- Hold the cat with one hand under its chest and the other under its hindquarters. Let the sternum rest in the hand.
- Lift the cat gently drawing it toward your chest. Give full support to its hindquarters.
How to hold a cat
Most cats enjoy being picked up and held, although only on their terms. Usually, a cat does not like being held for more than a short time. If you stroke a cat while you hold it, it will be reassured. Once it starts to struggle, let it down. If you hold a cat against its will, it may bite or scratch you.